UPDATE: Texas in the running for Tesla battery factoryFebruary 27, 2014
A rendering of Tesla's new "Gigafactory," which could be located in Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico or Texas.
Credit: From Tesla Motors
PALO ALTO, Calif. (AP) — Electric car maker Tesla Motors said it's considering sites in Texas, Arizona, Nevada and New Mexico for a massive battery factory that would employ around 6,500 people.
The company didn't immediately name the locations it's considering in those states. Tesla plans to start construction this year and complete the factory — which it dubs its "Gigafactory" — in 2017.
Tesla's share rose nearly 3 percent to $259.90 in after-hours trading.
The factory would supply lithium-ion batteries to Tesla's Fremont, Calif., assembly plant.
Palo Alto-based Tesla says it will invest $2 billion in the 10 million square foot factory, which will cost between $4 billion and $5 billion. Its partners will invest the rest. The company didn't identify those partners Wednesday, but its current battery supplier, Japan's Panasonic Corp., is expected to be among the investors.
Panasonic signed a deal last fall to supply Tesla with 2 billion battery cells over the next four years. But Tesla has fretted that current battery supplies won't meet its future demands.
The new factory will provide enough batteries to supply 500,000 vehicles by 2020, Tesla said. Tesla expects to produce 35,000 vehicles this year.
Tesla currently sells just one vehicle, the Model S sedan, which starts around $70,000. But it plans to begin making a crossover, the Model X, later this year, and wants to bring a lower cost, mass market vehicle to market in 2017. Tesla said the factory would help lower its battery costs by around 30 percent.
Tesla also announced Wednesday it plans to raise $1.6 billion in a debt offering. The proceeds would help finance the new factory and the lower cost vehicle.
Musk's $5 Billion Tesla gigafactory may unleash incentive fray
By Alan Ohnsman
(c) 2014, Bloomberg News
LOS ANGELES — Tesla Motors' plan to build what co-founder Elon Musk bills as the world's largest battery factory could not only shake up the power industry but trigger a bidding war between states eager for the 6,500 jobs the $5 billion investment could create.
The luxury electric-car maker announced yesterday that it's selling at least $1.6 billion of convertible notes to finance the project and exploring locations in Texas, Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico for a 10 million-square-foot facility. Tesla declined to comment on whether any negotiations had begun.
"This would rank as the most attractive industrial project out there," said Dennis Cuneo, president of DC Strategic Advisors and a former Toyota executive who helped that carmaker select manufacturing sites.
Tesla has dubbed the project the "gigafactory," and it would make Musk a force in both U.S. manufacturing and electric power. The plant he envisions would have more capacity than any other to make lithium-ion batteries.
"This has a huge impact beyond Tesla," said Harley Shaiken, a labor economist at the University of California, Berkeley. "It gives enormous legitimacy to battery production and the future of the electric car because that lies in the battery. It's high stakes, high technology."
Tesla plans an investment of $4 billion to $5 billion by 2020 and will fund about $2 billion of the total, the Palo Alto, Calif.-based company said in a statement. It said the convertible bond offering could grow to $1.84 billion.
Musk said in the statement that the plant is key to Tesla becoming a mass-market automaker capable of producing 500,000 or more electric vehicles a year. The company's cheapest model, the Model S, starts at $71,000.
The 42-year-old billionaire could also get closer to achieving his goal of being a player in the power-storage industry in the U.S., as utility customers continue to turn to batteries and solar panels to reduce electricity bills.
The scale of production at the planned factory would be so immense that Tesla estimates it would drive down lithium-ion battery costs by at least 30 percent.
That possibility for batteries capable of storing large amounts of electricity from wind, solar and other renewable sources is what makes the project appealing, said James Albertine, an equity analyst with Stifel Nicolaus & Co., who rates Tesla a hold. Tesla rose 2 percent yesterday in New York to end at a record $253.
"On the vehicle side, I am pretty steadfast in my skepticism at $200 or above. I'm a bear," Albertine said. "My bull case is in the case that the cars become ancillary."
Tesla, he said, would essentially become a power storage company. That would benefit SolarCity Corp., which is partly owned by Musk and may be a partner in the factory.
Musk said last week that Panasonic — now the biggest supplier of lithium-ion cells used in Tesla's batteries — may also be involved. Panasonic's participation is "not 100 percent confirmed," he said in a Bloomberg Television interview.
While Tesla identified only four states - including Texas - as potential hosts, "it's going to draw interest from many others," Cuneo said. He predicted a "robust competition" where "incentives are probably going to be a big factor."
A slide-show on the Tesla website includes a rendering of the facility in a desert landscape, with adjacent solar and wind farms to supply electricity. Construction could begin as early as this year, according to the presentation.
"Without question there will be a very intense bidding war — $5 billion is a breathtaking figure," Shaiken said. States want the jobs and "also the research and development related to this. That's going to be very significant."
Tesla announced the fundraising and plans for the gigafactory after the shares closed at their highest since the company's IPO in June 2010. They've gone up sevenfold in the past year.
The company will offer $800 million of notes due 2019 and $800 million due 2021. The company plans to grant the underwriters a 30-day option to purchase as much as an additional $120 million due 2019, and an additional $120 million, due 2021, bringing the offering to as much as $1.84 billion. The coupon, conversion rate and other terms of the notes haven't been determined, according to the statement.
Goldman Sachs Group, Morgan Stanley, JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Deutsche Bank are jointly managing the offering, the company said.
Proceeds from the note sale will also be used to produce a "Gen III" vehicle that's cheaper than the Model S sedan. The offering will also accelerate growth of Tesla's business in the U.S. and overseas, as the company prepares to enter China next month.
The fundraising move echoes Tesla's sale of $1.08 billion of new shares and notes in May 2013 amid a previous surge in the company's shares.
"Obviously, they understand the need to strike while the iron is hot," said Alan Baum, an analyst at Baum & Associates in West Bloomfield, Michigan, who tracks alternative-powertrain technologies. "What they are doing is taking advantage of being looked at as a different kind of company."
— With assistance from Charles Mead in New York.